Visas, permits and travel insurance
- Apply for visa or residence permit if you need one. Accompanying family members should apply at the same time, even if they arrive in Vilnius later.
Citizens of the EU, EEA, and Switzerland (hereinafter EU citizens) have the right to travel without visas. EU citizens may enter the Republic of Lithuania and stay here for a period not exceeding three months starting from the first day of entry into the Republic of Lithuania. If one resides for a period longer than 3 months, (s)he should apply for a document confirming the right to reside in Lithuania. Then, having declared a place of residence in Lithuania, an EU citizen acquires the right to the social guarantees of the Republic of Lithuania if these rights are not related to citizenship (for example, voting). A document confirming the right of an EU citizen to temporarily or permanently reside in Lithuania is a certification of the form established by the Minister of the Interior to confirm the right to temporarily or permanently reside in the Republic of Lithuania (Certification of EU national).
List of other countries whose citizens do not require short-stay visas to enter or travel on transit through the Republic of Lithuania.
Non-EU citizens will need: Schengen visa for short term visits (up to 3 months); National visa (D) for long term visits (up to 12 months). Residence permits in the Republic of Lithuania are issued to Non-EU citizens. A foreigner has the right to choose, change or leave a place of residence in the Republic of Lithuania and return to it for the period of validity of a residence permit. A foreigner must notify the authorities about changes in his or her place of residence and keep in mind that the Law on the Declaration of Residence states that if a person leaves the Republic of Lithuania for more than 6 months, he or she must declare the departure (in such case the residence permit may be revoked).
- Get work permit if you need one
If you intend to work in Lithuania on work contract, you must obtain a permit to work in Lithuania before applying for a residence permit.
Vilnius university will handle the documents necessary to obtain a work permit (work permits for foreign residents are issued by Employment Service Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour https://uzt.lt/en/ ).
Usually, the application of an employer for the issuance of a work permit to a foreign resident is analysed and processed within 2 months. A work permit is issued for no longer than 2 years and indicates the particular company/institution that the foreign resident will work at.
Work and residence permits in Lithuania will automatically become void upon termination of the employment contract with the employer who obtained a permit for the resident to work in Lithuania.
- Take care of a relevant medical insurance (valid in EU/Lithuania)
Accommodation and other arrangements
- Make sure that you have satisfactory accommodation arrangements
VU Guest house. Vilnius university has apartments in the city center and you may take a look.
Private accommodation for rent (provided by Vilnius Municipality’s branch GoVilnius ). If you are planning to stay In Vilnius longer here you may find topics what to know before renting apartments.
- Plan on family matters: school and day care
Private Kindergartens & Schools http://www.govilnius.lt/talent/living-in-vilnius/private-schools-and-kindergartens/.
- Register your place of residence: EU-citizens long term stay (if stay longer than 3 months) or Non-EU citizens long term stay (if you apply for Temporary Residence Permit)
Once you have secured accommodation, you are required to officially declare your new place of residence at the designated local governmental institution. This then makes you eligible to receive various services, such as childcare. If you are not the property owner, it is essential that you obtain written consent that you are able to use the rented address as your declared place of residence.
Health care and insurance
- Make sure you are covered by the Compulsory health insurance (LT: “PSD”)
To contact a medical institution, you must be insured by compulsory health insurance, voluntary insurance, insurance at an insurance company of your choice, or you must pay for the services yourself.
Who is eligible for the PSD:
- Foreigners permanently residing in LT:
EU: Certificate confirming the right of permanent residence in LT (issued for 10 years)
Non-EU: Permanent residence permit
- Foreigners temporarily residing in LT if legally employed (+ their kids)
- Foreigners who have worked in LT for at least 6 months and have registered at the Employment Service.
If you are not covered by the PSD:
- Get a private health insurance (BTA, Gjensidige, Seesam, Ergo, Lietuvos draudimas, IF). Full list: http://www.draudikai.lt/en/insurers
- Pay each time you have to visit a doctor.
- Register with healthcare centre
How to register as a patient at a primary healthcare institution:
1. Choose a health care institution (an outpatient clinic, primary healthcare centre or a family medical centre) and go to the healthcare facility of your choice
2. Provide your ID, fill out an application form and choose a practitioner
3. Do not forget that registration with a specific healthcare institution is only limited to persons who are covered with compulsory health insurance, regardless of whether the healthcare institution in question is public or private
4. Important: Your place of residence has to be declared in Vilnius/Lithuania.
There are 3 steps to follow if you get ill:
1. Visit your family doctor, who can declare you un-fit for work and issue an illness certificate
2. Inform your employer and provide them with your illness certificate
3. If you wish to receive statutory sick pay, you can apply for this at SODRA.
If you have any questions, don‘t hesitate to ask your employer.
A wide variety of private healthcare options are also available in Lithuania. You can register in person, online or by phone at one of the many private medical centres operating in Lithuania’s major cities. Information on various medical centres is available (use filters for search).
European Health Insurance Card (EHIC):
Anyone making national insurance contributions as a resident of one EU country has the right to access emergency care when travelling in other EU countries, with expenses reimbursed by their national healthcare institution. To use this service, you need an EU healthcare insurance card, which can be obtained from the National Healthcare Insurance Fund.
Emergency help – call 112
Social security and finance
- Get acquainted with social insurance system
Following the Law on Social Services of the Republic of Lithuania a foreign citizen, holding a permanent or temporary residence permit is entitled to the same social services in the Republic of Lithuania as a Lithuanian citizen. Social Insurance Fund in Lithuania: "Sodra". What social guaranties can one expect? If you are working under a working contract you are covered by all the social insurance types:
- Sickness insurance
- Maternity insurance
- Unemployment insurance
- Occupational accident insurance
- Pension insurance
- Health insurance
Terms of Employment (Working hours, holidays, safety&health at work etc.)
- Get acquainted with the tax system
- Open a bank account
The first bank account is opened upon arrival at any bank in Vilnius:
- Documents to be presented: personal Identity document (passport / ID card / residence permit)
- Complete a questionnaire for natural persons
- Sign the agreement.
Service fee: usually it’s free of charge for legal residents of Lithuania. For non-residents must be paid extra.
Source & updated information:
The State Social Insurance Fund https://www.sodra.lt/en/
Employment Service Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour https://uzt.lt/en/
State Tax Inspectorate (VMI) https://www.vmi.lt/index.jsp?lang=en
State Labour Inspectorate https://www.vdi.lt/Forms/EN.aspx
Vilnius is cozy and easy to navigate with all the buzz of a contemporary European capital. Both compact and bustling, Vilnius offers the work-life balance you deserve. A world-class business environment and infrastructure, lively arts and culture scene, charming UNESCO-listed Old Town and a city so green you may feel like you live in a forest – all less than a 3-hour flight from most places in Europe. We are happy to welcome you to Vilnius and here you may find some tips to make your stay at Lithuania more easier.
- Get mobile, be mobile and social
Prepaid SIM cards with plans for data, calls and SMS are available at Narvesen and Lietuvos Spauda news kiosks as well as some supermarkets (operators: Ežys / Pildyk). Signing a contract for monthly service is possible but requires a residence permit and a deposit. Mobile service providers in Lithuania: Tele2.lt, Telia.lt, Bite.lt
Bringing your car:
1. Registering a personal vehicle
2. Vehicle insurance. All vehicles in Lithuania must be insured through a national insurance company. Prices are relatively affordable and are calculated using formulas specific to each insurance company
3. Driving in Vilnius.
- Don’t miss: Welcome to Vilnius workshop
The Welcome to Vilnius workshop covers an array of themes, from the most important legal issues to integrating smoothly into the local community. Experts representing a number of relevant institutions will guide you through the basics, day-to-day life, and even the more complex issues.
Moreover, the guided tour we’ll take you one is definitely going to make you feel like a local in just a couple of hours. So, get ready for some tips and tricks about where to eat, what to do with your leisure time, where to get the best cup of coffee, and how to enjoy Vilnius to the fullest.
This service is provided by Go Vilnius and is free of charge.
- make sure that you have signed your work/stay agreement, and get your employee card
- activate your IT user account at VU (moodle, eduroam, other VU e-services)
Vilnius University provides list of e-services*:
5. Office365 (online office)
6. WiFi access
*Not all offer services in English.
**Lithuanian language only. To be able to use e-services you should be registered at VU identity system at first. If you find difficulties to log in by yourself you may ask: